Dachshunds are also known as wiener dog, hot dog, sausage dog, Dashie or Teckels. Dashies are wonderful dogs. They are cute, nice and have expressive eyes and complex facial expressions. No one can resist to these little fellows.
The Dachshund is an adaptable dog. This breed has a variety of sizes, colors, coat types, and characters. There is a Dachshund to please almost anyone.
|Height||8 to 9 inches (20 to 23 cm)|
|Weight||16 to 32 pounds (7 to 14 Kg)|
|Life span||12 to 15 years|
|Color||Black with tan markings or a solid reddish-brown color. They also can appear as reds, dappled, with tiger markings, or brindle.|
|Coat||Smooth Dachshund’s coat is short and shiny; Wirehaired Dachshunds have short, thick, hard hair on the topcoat with a softer undercoat;
Longhaired Dachshunds have shiny, slightly wavy long hair.
|Country of origin||Germany|
|Susceptibility to illness||Medium|
The Dachshund was created in the 15th century in Germany where he was recognized as the badger dog, “dachs” meaning badger and “hund” meaning dog. Those Dachshunds varied significantly in size. This breed is known as the Teckel in Germany. However, “Dachshund kind” of dogs has appeared in primordial Egyptian and Mexican art.
Dachshund is the only breed standard by AKC that hunts both above and below ground. Their legs are short and powerful enabling Dachshunds to go deep into narrow tunnels to follow their prey. The Dachshund’s large and paddle-shaped paws are ideal for capable digging. Their deep chest with generous lung capacity gave them the endurance to hunt, and their long noses enabled them to be good odor hounds. Their deep, noisy bark enables the hunter to find his dog after it had gone into a hole. They are brave and obstinate. These dogs were bred not only to hunt prey but kill it as well.
In the 1800s, Dachshunds started being bred more as companion dogs than as hunters, especially in Europe. Thus, their size was gradually reduced by about 10 pounds. Ultimately, an even smaller version – the miniature dachshund – was bred.
The German Dachshund Club was founded in 1888. By 1885, Dachshunds had gone to America and were registered with the American Kennel Club. The Dachshund Club of America was instituted 10 years later, in 1895.
Over the time Dachshunds became one of the trendiest pets in the United States. At the moment the Dachshund ranks sixth among the 155 breeds and varieties acknowledged by the AKC.
The Dachshund is illustrated as an intelligent, vigorous, curious, obstinate and brave dog. He’s bred for determination. The Dachshund character can also vary with coat type. Wirehaired Dachshunds have terrier blood from their ancestors, thus they can be naughty troublemakers. Longhairs are peaceful dogs, and Smooths have a personality that lies somewhere in between.
Like in all breeds, personality is affected by a number of factors such as heredity, training, and socialization. Puppies with nice temperaments are curious and jokey, willing to approach people. Always meet the parents of your puppy. Usually, the mother is the one who’s available at the breeder to ensure that the puppies have nice temperaments.
Socialization helps guarantee that your Dachshund puppy grows up to be a balanced dog. Sign up him in a puppy class is a great start. Inviting visitors over frequently and taking him on leisurely walks to meet neighbors will also help him improve his social skills.
Dachshunds are prone to certain health conditions. Not all dogs will present all of the following diseases, but it’s important to be conscious of them if you’re considering this breed.
The following list names some of the common health problems seen in Dachshunds:
- Intervertebral Disc Disease
- Vitiligo (lack of pigmentation in skin)
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Cushings Disease
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Gastric dilatation-volvulus
- Acanthosis nigricans (a skin disease which causes a dark, thickened area especially at armpit)
- Pattern alopeica (baldness)
In Dachshunds, you should look forward to see a health approval from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF), certifying that the eyes are healthy.
It is not recommended to breed dogs before they are two or three years old. Health clearances are not concerned to dogs younger than 2 years of old. Because some health problems don’t come out until a dog reaches full adulthood.
Dachshunds shed, but not markedly. Regarding grooming, they are considered as a low-maintenance breed. They don’t need to be bathed frequently and don’t have a “doggie smell”.
Smooth hair dogs can be cleaned with a moist cloth between baths to keep them hygienic.
Our advice: In cold weather in the winter, Smooth Dachshunds may need a sweater when they go to the exterior.
Wirehaired Dachshunds need regular brushing. Additionally, they will need to have their coats “stripped” every 4 to 6 months. Consult the breeder from whom you buy your Wirehaired Dachshund or a groomer to show you how to perform this task.
Longhaired Dachshunds must be brushed on a regular basis to prevent mats from forming. They need to be bathed more frequently, and their hair should be blow-dry afterward.
For all varieties of Dachshunds, their droopy ears need particular attention, where fungus, bacteria, and mites can proliferate. You should use an ear cleaner recommended by your veterinarian and wipe the ears every week. Ears should have a good odor, without an excess of wax inside.
Consider trimming your Dachshund’s nails once or twice a month. Ideally, you should brush the teeth on a daily basis to remove tartar and bacteria. Start doing this when your Dachshund puppy is young.
While performing grooming, check for redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, ears, nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the feet.
5. Exercise and Feeding
Dachshunds have loads of energy and liveliness. They enjoy taking a walk or playing outdoors with other dogs. They love to hunt and dig. They need about 20 to 40 minutes of exercise per day.
The natural instinct of this dog is to hunt, so he needs to get out for a good walk at least once a day, preferably twice a day. It is probably best to keep the dog on a lead as its hunting character can drive it to run off in chase and the dog may not respond readily to a recall command.
They aren’t an appropriate breed to live outdoors or in a kennel. Dachshunds are made to live at home with the family. However, due to their anatomical features, they can damage their vertebral columns jumping on and off furniture.
- You should get a ramp or steps and educate them to use it if they want up on the sofa or bed.
- When you hold a Dachshund, always be careful to support his chest and not to overcharge their backs.
Regarding training, Dachshunds will fast become bored if made to repeat the same exercise again and again, so make obedience exercise fun and interesting.
The Dachshund does extremely well as a watchdog, but he can be noisy. You should remember this if your Dachshund will be living in an apartment.
The Dachshund can be fed once or twice a day. You should select a high-quality dog food for small breed dogs. Some Dachshund can be gluttonous so be very careful to not overfeed your dog. An obese Dachshund is at superior risk of back problems.
Things to remember:
Before buying a Dachshund you should keep in your mind that:
- Dachshunds can be stubborn and tricky to house-training
- Dachshunds are clever dogs with an independent character and good-natured spirit
- They love to dig. So you should be careful when putting your puppy in your garden
- They have loud, deep barks and they do like to bark
- You should monitor your Dachshund’s weight and not overfeed him
- An obese Dachshund is more prone to back problems
- Don’t let your dog to jump from high places
- When you hold your dog you should support his back
- Socialize him when he is a puppy
- Dachshunds enjoy chasing other small animals, birds, and toys
- Never buy a puppy from an negligent breeder
Dachshunds often bond closely with a single person. They can assume a jealous posture regarding this person.
A Dachshund, proudly carrying his long, muscular body on short legs and giving you a smart look is irresistible. Though their comic appearances Dachshunds are very brave and they can be somewhat stubborn particularly when hunting.